It is reported that on September 27th, the Information and Communication Research Institute of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology released the White Paper on China's Broadband Development (2018) at the Beijing International Communication Exhibition. The white paper once again clarifies the strategic, fundamental and leading role of broadband networks in the overall economic and social development. It summarizes the evolution and brilliant achievements of China's broadband network policy environment, leap-forward development, spillover effects since the speed-up and fee reduction, and looks forward to China. In the future, broadband networks will move toward quality broadband to achieve the development direction of improving quality and speeding the people's livelihood.

China's broadband network policy environment has changed significantly

Since the implementation of the broadband China “Broadband China” strategy in 2013, many “Guidance Opinions” and “Special Action Opinions” have been proposed and released from the aspects of enhancing network supply capacity, reducing tariffs, popularizing high-bandwidth applications, and optimizing the telecom market environment. "and "implementation opinions" and so on. Issue basic telecommunications business licenses, increase the opening of the broadband market, promote the formal commercialization of mobile resale business, and steadily promote the opening of the telecommunications market. Strengthen the supervision of the telecommunications market such as the quality of the Internet and the quality of services. We will increase the optimization of the broadband network construction environment, supervise the implementation of fiber-to-the-home national standards, and continuously improve the network construction environment. Broadband networks have become the strategic cornerstone for the current and future period to promote the transformation of development mode, promote economic structure optimization, accelerate the transformation of growth momentum, and shape international competitive advantages.

Broadband network realizes leapfrog development

The fixed broadband network has entered the fiber era in an all-round way, covering all cities, towns and villages in the country and more than 96% of administrative villages. The total number of fixed broadband fiber ports is 830 million, the penetration rate is 86.3%, and the proportion of fiber-optic broadband users is 86.8%, ranking first in the world. Fixed broadband users 378 million, 50M and above users 300% accounted for 80.5%, 100M and above users 200 million accounted for 53.3%, fixed broadband access rate into the 100M era. After 4G network, the number of 4G users exceeded 1.1 billion, and the network scale and user scale ranked first in the world.

Communication tariffs have fallen sharply, at a low global level

China's fixed broadband monthly household expenditure was 42.1 yuan, down 24% from the end of 14 years. The cost per megabyte per household dropped from 5.9 yuan in 14 years to 0.49 yuan in June 18, a drop of more than 90%. The average tariff of mobile data traffic decreased by 91% compared with the end of 14th. The per-G mobile traffic rate accounted for 1.1% of the per capita GNI, which was significantly lower than the global average of 6.8%. The average mobile user per user expenditure was 12.06 US dollars, lower than The global average of $14.37 is at a low level.

Quality broadband has become the direction, speeding up and improving quality and benefiting people's livelihood

Speeding up and upgrading has become the development direction of broadband network upgrades. With the rapid development of HD video services such as 4K and VR, the proportion of broadband users in the future 100M and higher will continue to increase, accelerating into the 100M broadband phase, and actively deploying Gigabit access capabilities. High-speed broadband services are accelerating. The innovative application and popularization of high-speed broadband in the fields of education, medical care, pension, transportation, social management, etc. will provide strong support for the construction of smart society, and the ability of Internet application services will be further enhanced. Under the cooperation of the whole industry chain, a high-quality broadband network and supervision system including multiple dimensions such as business, network and service will be constructed. Telecom companies continue to optimize the network architecture, achieve high-throughput capabilities of the network, Gigabit to home coverage and networking, and Internet companies continue to provide content sources with rich services and higher quality. The quality broadband system will be built to accelerate the sustainable and healthy development of broadband networks and services, and speed up the quality and benefit the people's livelihood.